Kanha National Park, India
- Idle Location For Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, Kanha Tiger Reserve
became famous when the author Rudyard Kipling wrote The Jungle Book in
1894, setting his story in Kanha's forests. While in Kanha National Park,
you will see the dramatic beauty of the forest and the immense variety
of wildlife that must have fired the author's imagination, and ample opportunity
for elephant safari.
Even before Kipling,
Kanha National Park(like many other National Parks in India) was famous
as a preferred hunting ground for rulers and viceroys. The first effort
to conserve this area was in 1933, when about 250sq km of the forested
Kanha valley was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary. Another 300sq km of the
adjoining Supkhar Sanctuary was added to the original area, only to be
de-notified within a few years, after which just the original 230sq km
of wilderness remained protected.
Opened As a Hunting
Oftentimes, unpleasant incidents have made us sit up and realise that
certain forest areas needed to be protected. A famous cricketer in the
early 1950s, Maharaja Kumar of Vijayanagram was allowed to shoot as many
as 30 tigers in and around the Sanctuary for the sheer sake of sport.
This incident was followed by a public outcry that forced the authorities
to formulate a special legislation and declare the area a National Park
in 1955. The size of Kanha National Park increased to 318sq km in 1962,
and again to 446sq km in 1970. In 1976, Kanha National Park became a part
of Project Tiger that was launched in 1972, giving the Park its present
area of 940sq km. This is surrounded by an additional buffer area of 1,005sq
km. Project Tiger was essentially a conservation effort begun by the then
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Its main objective was to ensure that the
poaching of tigers stopped, and to secure the tiger's habitat.
major portion of the park is the core area with a wide variety of animal
life. The major attraction of the ark is its tigers. Kanha is home to
22 species of large mammals. The major wildlife attractions in Kanha Wildlife
Sanctuary are Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Dholes (Indian wild dog),
Indian Bisons, Sambar, Chital, Barasingha, Barking Deer, Black Buck, Chausingha,
Nilgai, Monkeys, Mongoose, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Porcupine,
Hyena, Jungle Cat, Hare, Rock Pythons among many others.
The flora in Kanha National Park chiefly comprises of Southern tropical
Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest and Southern Tropical dry Deciduous Mixed
Forest types. There are huge plateaus in the park with vast grasslands.
Since there were villagers who inhibited this place earlier, there are
a number of meadows inside the park. River Sulkum, Banjar and Nila irriogate
the topography at this park. The slopes of the plateaus here are thickly
covered with Bija, Haldu, Dhaora trees which stand along the long stretches
of Ban-rahar, Bamboo and Sindhur tress. If you love photography, the park
offers some bewitching views which are worth a click.
Kanha National Park is a home to over 300 species of birds. The most commonly
noticed birds in the park are Pea fowls, Storks, Pond Herons, Egrets,
Indian Peafowl, Partridges, spotted Parakeets, Green Pigeons, Cuckoos,
Drongos, Warblers, Kingfishers, Woodpeckers and fly catchers.
Jeep Safari in
Kanha National Park
trainers at Kanha National Park can take you to an extensive trip to its
expansive wildlife. Taking an elephant ride through the park can be joyous
as you can easily spot vivid variety of birds as well. For wildlife enthusiasts,
nothing would be as rewarding as this.
How to Reach
By Air : The nearest Airport to Kanha National Park is Nagpur (265
km), which is well connected by air to major cities of India.
By Rail : Jabalpur
and Bilaspur are nearest Railway Stations.
By Road : There
is a daily bus service available for Kisli and Mukki from Jabalpur and
back. Taxis are available for hire from Jabalpur, Bilaspur and Raipur.
It is advisable to reach Kisli before sunset as vehicle are not permitted
within the park after dark.
National Parks of India