is one of the famous classical Indian dances from Orissa state. The history
of Odissi dance is almost two thousand years old. Odissi is a highly inspired,
passionate, ecstatic and sensuous form of dance. Like most of the South
Indian classical dances of India Odissi too had its origin in the Devadasi
tradition. The state of Orissa has a great cultural history. The rulers
of this region built magnificent temples, which became the center of art
and culture. It was around these temples that Odissi, one of India's scintillating
dance-forms was born, nurtured and nourished.
In its present form
Odissi is a well established and codified classical dance form of India.
Odissi is considered a dance of love, joy and intense passion, pure, divine
and human. Over a period of time three schools of Odissi dance developed,
they are- Mahari, Nartaki, and Gotipau. The Mahari system traces its roots
in the Devadasi tradition. The dance form of Odissi that developed in
royal courts is called the Nartaki tradition. In the Gotipau tradition
of Odissi dance young boys dress up in female attires and enact female
the 17th century Odissi dance was held in great esteem due to patronage
and support of local rulers and nobles. During this period even the royalty
was expected to be accomplished dancers. However, the scenario changed
after the 17th century. The dancing girls were thought of as prostitutes
and from here the social position of dancers began to decline. During
the colonial period too the position of Odissi dance suffered due to anti-nautch
attitude of the British.
With India gaining
independence there began great efforts to revive the classical Indian
dances. The government came to realize the role of cultural heritage in
creating a national identity. A number of people and experts took initiatives
for the reconstruction and popularization of Odissi dance. Some of the
notable are Guru Deba Prasad Das, Guru Mayadhar Raut, Guru Pankaj Charan
DAs, Guru Mahadev Rout, Guru Raghu Dutta and Guru Kelu Charan Mahapatra.
of the most distinguishing features of Odissi dance is the Tribhangi.
The notion of Tribhang divides the body into three parts, head, bust and
torso. The postures dealing with these three elements are called Tribhangi.
This concept has created the very characteristic poses which are more
twisted than found in other classical Indian dances. Mudra is also an
important component of Odissi dance. The term Mudra means "stamp"
and is a hand position which suggests things. Odissi themes are almost
religious in nature and mostly revolve around Krishna.
Classical Dances of India